Garden wire: features of the care procedure

Many novice gardeners sometimes forget about a very important procedure in the process of growing their crops. As a result, they get a little crop and regret the time spent on growing. The main reason for this result is often improper care of the plant at a certain stage of growth and formation of the stem. When it becomes obvious that the stem of the plant can be deformed under the weight of the fruit, it must be strengthened on a comfortable support. The article will focus on the features of the plant garter procedure, garter methods and important reasons why this should be done.

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What is a garter for plants

garter for plants
garter for plants

Why do you need a garter of plants

The garter of the plant is the strengthening of the bushes with the help of support and garter material. With the help of the garter, the plant grows better and gives more yield. Tied plants are more compact and easier to care for. Branches with heavy fruits do not break. The fruits are not damaged by insects, they grow high-quality and tasty. The plant is tied up as it matures, when the fruit gains weight or the stem begins to grow in length. For climbing crops, the support helps to get upright and get more sunlight.

garter for plants
garter for plants 2

Pros and cons of the procedure

The benefits of tying plants include:

  • Reduction of morbidity, since the crop lying on the ground easily becomes susceptible to attack by harmful insects, and can also cause the development of fungal diseases. Damaged fruits become toxic. They should not be eaten. Such fruits are not suitable for future sowing.
  • Good air ventilation between bushes. This helps reduce the risk of plant diseases and improves oxygen availability to the roots.
  • When suspended, the fruits receive more sunlight and heat, and ripen more evenly.
  • Easy to monitor the ripening of the crop, picking ripe fruits on time.
  • Plants in a suspended state are uniformly treated with preventive and therapeutic solutions.
  • Tied plants are more compact, more convenient to care for them.
  • The use of vertical beds allows you to save the useful area of ​​the site.

The disadvantages of tying plants include only one feature: the growth of the root system of some tied plants (for example, tomatoes) is slightly weakened. Consequently, the flow of moisture and essential substances into plant tissues decreases. But all this can be avoided. Apply fertilizer to the soil, water in time to compensate for the lack of water. Do not crush the stem with the rope so that it cuts into the plant tissue. Approach the procedure with intelligence and responsibility, then you will not feel the negative effect of tying plants.

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What crops need a garter

What crops need a garter
What crops need a garter

Usually creeping plants are tied up. A tied plant gets more sunlight and grows better. Control the development of the plant by tying branches regularly. A garter is necessary for a good harvest of some cultivated species, such as:

  • beans, they are tied up with a stem length of 30 cm;
  • peas – upon reaching 15-20 cm;
  • melons, pumpkins, watermelons – when the whips reach 1 m in length;
  • cucumbers – with a stem length of 35-40 cm;
  • peppers – with a stem height of 35-45 cm;
  • tomatoes – with a growth of 40-50 cm.

Features of the garter procedure

Features of the garter procedure
Features of the garter procedure

There are several common methods of tying a plant, the differences lie in the products used in the procedure as a supporting element. Plants are tied up with wooden stakes, trellis method (or it is also called linear), lattice method, using a wire frame or a fence. Let’s take a closer look at each of these methods of tying plants.

Tying plants with pegs

In this case, any long sticks can act as supports. This method is the most common and simplest.

The rope material should be soft and preferably stretch a little.

It does not matter what tree the plant pegs are made of. The main thing is that they fit in length and be durable. In order for the pegs to last more than one season, they can be painted or burned to avoid rotting.

The height of the peg for garters of tomatoes and peppers should be about 1 meter, more, but not less.

The plant is tied up when it grows about 50 cm. It must be borne in mind that it will continue to grow. It is necessary to drive in the peg 20 cm deep so that the peg does not fall under the weight of an adult plant. In order not to damage the root, we retreat about 10 cm from the stem. On average, the stakes should be 30 cm higher than the bush.

Tying plants with pegs
Tying plants with pegs

It is desirable to make the ties of soft synthetic material. It does not rot and is not a breeding ground for insects. From household items, cut nylon tights are perfect. If you don’t have tights or other soft synthetic fabric, you can use special plastic loops for tying plants. They are sold at any gardening store.

We drive in a peg next to the plant and wrap the stem with strings at the maximum height. It is advisable to make several tie points along the length of the stem.

Try to tie up large brushes to avoid breaking them.

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To tie beans, stakes about 2 m high are used. Dive into the soil by at least 50 cm. Wrap the stalk around the support, and lower the top down or clip it.

Tying plants with pegs
Tying plants with pegs 2

Tying plants with a trellis method (linear)

To install the trellis, follow the following step-by-step instructions:

It is necessary to equip a frame made of a metal profile and put it on different sides of the garden.

Stretch the trellis, which will be in the form of a bridge between the frames. Our plants will be tied to it.

You can build such supports yourself or buy ready-made materials.

The trellis for tying plants must be strong and stable to withstand the weight of the fruit and bushes tied to it.

Then we tie our nylon ropes to the tops of the plant and tie them to the trellis. This time, you need to tie more efficiently than to the pegs, but not very tight. This method is used when there are a lot of bushes and the use of pegs is impractical.

Tying plants with pegs
Tying plants with pegs 3

Tying plants with a trellis method

This method is similar to the previous one.

Metal wire will be used instead of a trellis. It is stretched between the frames several times at different heights. The wire should be perfectly parallel to the ground. It can be replaced with flexible metal or plastic mesh.

Since the rows of wires are located close to each other, it is not necessary to tie the plants. It is enough to push the stem between the twigs, each time from different sides. The plant will not fall, but will fix in a natural way, it will hold on tightly and safely.

As the plant grows and grows in size, you will need to move the top to the next level. It is important not to miss this moment.

This method is more suitable for tying tall plants. Low-growing ones can be tied to pegs or to a trellis.

Tying plants with a trellis method
Tying plants with a trellis method

Tying plants with a wire frame

This method is more suitable for tying tomatoes. A flexible metal frame like a pipe is dug in around the bush. The plant is comfortable inside, it is fixed from all sides. Both fruits and stems can be attached to the frame. The only drawback of this design is the significant inconvenience of harvesting.

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Tying plants with a fence

Some climbing crops (peas, beans, cucumbers) can be planted along a mesh fence. This is especially true for small land areas. This option is very convenient. It does not occupy a separate territory, no additional supports are needed, and comfortable conditions for plant growth are maintained. It is easy to tie to such a fence, it does not give shade and makes it possible for the plant to ventilate and evenly warm up. The lattice timber fencing also provides climbing crops with good conditions for ripening. But you should not use metal – the plants will dry out, burn on sheets of metal hot from the sun.

Tying plants with a fence
Tying plants with a fence

Procedure errors

It is worth taking into account the experience of professional gardeners in the matter of tying plants and avoiding common beginner mistakes:

Do not tie the plant to a support with fishing line, thread, or thin wire. They can damage the stem. Use fabric ties 3-5 cm wide, nylon products or ready-made plastic loops.

Do not rewind the stem with a figure eight – you can drag it.

Do not use metal supports for climbing crops. Their leaves are very thin and will dry out on the hot metal from the sun.

It is difficult to choose one, the best method of tying plants. Each culture has its own version. The choice can be made according to the size and height of the plant, the availability of material, ease of planting, as well as the availability of land in your summer cottage. Tying plants is not a complicated procedure, but it must be done correctly to avoid breakage or deformation of the stem. As we can see, there are much more advantages from plant garters than disadvantages.

The main task of the plant garter is to rid the plants of rot and harmful insects. With the help of a garter, we save the harvest of fertile crops from many problems. Maintenance becomes easier and harvesting is more convenient. As a result, clean, beautiful, high-quality and tasty fruits grow.

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