If you want to make a Sakura garden in your summer cottage, you need to understand the principles of planning used in oriental design. There are no conventional concrete paths here, and it does not look like standard grassy barbecue areas. It is a small and harmonious world, perfectly integrated into the landscape, created especially for a leisurely vacation.
What is a Sakura Garden?
The philosophy of oriental landscape design is not always clear to Europeans, who are accustomed to constantly remaking the natural landscape at their own discretion. The Japanese Garden is a corner of the site, decorated according to the ancient tradition, the origins of which were laid by the wisest Buddhist monks back in the VIII-XVIII centuries. This style is distinguished by its graceful decorativeness. Depending on the variety, such gardens can be filled with blooming greenery, or consist mainly of sand and stone elements, forming abstract compositions in the open air.
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History of the Sakura Garden
This style trend in the Land of the Rising Sun has been developing for one and a half thousand years. The story of how the traditional Japanese garden came into being can be broken down into the following stages:
VI-VIII centuries – the borrowing of the Chinese tradition, which was especially manifested in the design of the surroundings of the imperial capital Nara. The main elements of the composition are mountains and water.
IX-XII centuries – in the era of the Heian period, the construction of the capital of Kyoto takes place. A Japanese-style garden for a tea ceremony appears, and many of its own zest are already used in landscape design.
15th century – the invention of a simple but extremely original arrangement for a tokonoma niche (an alcove in the walls of a Japanese dwelling).
XIX-XX centuries – invention of the Moribana style (a variety of ikebana). The decoration of Japanese gardens and houses is under the noticeable influence of European trends; wide floor vases are widely used in gardens.
Figurative symbolism of the Sakura Garden
Considering the harmonious oriental landscape, Europeans sometimes do not know the meaning of many of its elements. The philosophy of the Japanese garden will be clearer if you learn to read the information encrypted by the Eastern sages. Here are some examples of common symbols:
- Sandy area, neatly combed with special rakes – water surface with waves.
- Garden paths are the path of life.
- Flat stones on the paths – a journey without barriers.
- Small pebbles are hills.
- A group of large boulders is a mountain range.
- A rocky area with gravel – the sea bay.
- Dark brown gravel is the solid earth.
- The waterfall is the beginning of life.
- Sheared bushes are rounded mountains.
Sakura Garden arrangement
The design of the site in this style, although it sometimes looks chaotic, obeys the established rules and is close to natural forms. If you want to get a spectacular Japanese garden at your summer cottage, landscape design should be equipped according to generally accepted rules. For this purpose, appropriate accessories and plant varieties are used.
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Plants for a Sakura Garden
A stylish patio in oriental design cannot be imagined without certain shrubs and trees. Not all types of Far Eastern flora take root in our climate, so some varieties of greenery can be replaced with alternative local specimens. It is desirable that the following plants inhabit the Japanese landscape garden:
- hawthorn (soft, Arnold, morden, blood red);
- pine (spherical or spherical-spreading);
Herbs for the Japanese garden:
Sakura Garden elements
In addition to vegetation, there are other special elements that give the ennobled area a stylish oriental look. In order for a Japanese garden to acquire the required appearance, it must be filled with iconic attributes, without which the site will look like a simple well-groomed lawn with a trimmed lawn. List of basic elements for the implementation of the conceived:
The bridge in the Japanese garden is necessarily curved, symbolizing the difficult life path of a person.
Tsukubai is a massive stone vessel for ablution.
Sculptures in the Japanese garden – statues of Confucius and Buddha, statues of pagan deities, birds and animals. The figures are installed on stands and pedestals, have a size of 0.3-1 m.
Pagoda – the number of tiers is 3-13 (always an odd number). You can use a symbolic pagoda sculpture instead of a full-fledged building, in which case it should be higher than the stones, but below the bridge.
Bells made of glass, metal or copper.
Japanese stone lanterns – yukimi-gata, tachi-gata, oki-gata, katsuga, ikkomi-gata.
Japanese style rules
This type of landscape is radically different from the lush European garden compositions familiar to our eyes. The Japanese garden is arranged according to traditional rules, but the owners of the site have a place for imagination. For example, even the obligatory presence of a water surface can be embodied in a symbolic form by constructing alternative dry ponds and streams from calibrated or river gravel.
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Features of the Sakura Garden:
- The most natural outlines of all decorative elements without the use of strict lines. For example, if you are laying out a stone path, then make it winding.
- A must-have combination of water and rough stone.
- The coloring of vegetation and accessories is mostly restrained.
- A walking-type Japanese garden is created for contemplation, and not for active recreation; there is always an open area for meditation.
- The landscape should look harmonious all year round.
- Use of oriental accessories.
Types of Sakura Garden
Mysterious and for many outlandish oriental landscape design has several varieties. A Japanese mini-garden can be made hilly, flat or rugged (miniature reproduction of mountainous terrain). Depending on the variation, different elements become the main attributes – stones, green spaces, an oriental-style pavilion.
Types of Japanese gardens:
- Garden of trees.
- Tsubo Japanese Garden.
- Tea garden.
- Rock garden.
In Japanese, one of the meanings of this word means a measure of area of 3.3 m², so here we are talking about an extremely miniature composition. The creation of a Japanese garden in this form has the goal of getting a tiny piece of the natural landscape in a tight urban setting. Mosses are used in the decoration. Of the large plants, only one species is planted on a tiny patch, often bamboo. You can install a stylish stone lantern and lay out a path of stones in the courtyard.
In this version, the stone is not a simple building material, but a sacred element. It is not the geometric shapes of the blocks that are important, but their location. The Japanese rock garden is originally created for contemplation, it helps to focus and mentally evoke the necessary images. According to their shape, boulders are divided into recumbent, flat, curved, statues and verticals. The texture and color of the material plays a role, the following breeds are used in Japan:
The gravel in the rock garden marks the surface of the water, with the help of grooves, ring circles are created on the surface. Free space is covered with pebbles. The design uses a heptagonal network of conditional lines, where blocks are located at different points of intersection. If at some points of view you can contemplate all the objects of the garden, then at other points some symbolic boulders will not be visible.
The smaller the pitch, the less tall the trees are planted on it. Often, special agricultural techniques are used to limit the growth of seedlings. Variegated flora is not used in the landscape. Shrubs are selected in such a way that they are suitable for the desired formation. When clipping, the plants are given a natural shape. The Japanese garden should be perfectly visible from the windows of the house. Decorative elements are widely used in the landscape – fences, lanterns, bridges, ritual statues.
The purpose of a garden composition is to help a person throw aside thoughts of a hectic world. As one approaches the chashitsu (teahouse) located in a perfectly decorated place, one gradually prepares for the ceremony. The Japanese garden at the dacha is designed in the style of a vegetated mountain slope. Natural elements are arranged in an order that mimics the natural environment. Chashitsu is installed in the back of the garden, the entrance to the room is traditionally below average human height. The house is modestly decorated with a picture in a retro style, bouquets of flowers, a scroll with hieroglyphs.
Japanese table garden
Miniatures in oriental style are constantly in fashion. If you wish, you can build your own desktop Japanese rock garden to decorate your living room or study. When making tiny compositions, boulders are replaced with pebbles, gravel – with fine river sand, bushes with trees – with unpretentious houseplants. The container is best made of wood, its size depends on the installation location. You can decorate the garden with a Buddha figurine or other oriental symbols.
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DIY Sakura Garden
Creating a harmonious landscape composition takes time and money, but the result is an ideal place for contemplation and a peaceful pastime. Consider an example of how to plant a Japanese garden in a small summer cottage:
Quiet relaxation requires the possibility of privacy, so the meditation area needs to be hidden from view by a hedge, a stylish board or bamboo fence.
A pond with good funding can be embodied in the form of a real pond.
An alternative natural reservoir is a “dry” stream of pebbles and sand.
We lay walking paths in the form of winding lines passing along the periphery of the Japanese garden.
We equip the paths from stone tiles or wood.
On the territory you can use benches, install a bridge.
The traditional element for the oriental garden is the tsukubai bowl – a stone container 20-60 cm high for ablution.
It is advisable to hide the water supply hoses underground or behind plantings.
The plants in the Japanese landscape are dominated by medium-sized conifers and evergreen shrubs.
In a harsh climate, you can plant irga instead of sakura, blooming bright representatives of the flora are rarely used and in limited quantities.
We install decorative elements – lanterns, statues, pagoda, tea gazebo.